Skin Microbiome - Tomorrow of Skin Care

by Raghav Mittal on January 10, 2022
Our skin is a home to millions of bacteria, fungi, and viruses that compose the skin microbiome. Similar to those in our gut, skin microorganisms, have essential roles in the protection against invading pathogens, to damage our immune system. A healthy and balanced microbiome is like a diverse rainforest. The density of sebaceous glands is another factor that influences the skin microbiome, depending on the region. Areas with a high density of sebaceous glands, such as the face, chest, and back, encourage the growth of lipophilic microorganisms (for example, propionibacterium spp and Malassezia spp. A healthy and balanced microbiome is like a diverse rainforest. Perfectly balanced Skin Microbiome helps keep the skin healthy. An imbalanced microbiome can lead to various skin problems. For instance, too many pimple-causing bacteria can lead to acne. An allergic skin condition like eczema is linked to another type of bacteria. Different bacterias have different roles to play and cause different problems that is why it is extremely important to have a perfectly maintained skin microbiome. The microbiome plays an important role in a wide variety of skin disorders. Not only is the skin microbiome altered, but also surprisingly many skin diseases are accompanied by an altered gut microbiome. There are majorly four approaches to a perfect skin microbiome: 1- Removing bad bacteria from the skin. 2- Prebiotic - feeding good bacteria. 3- Probiotic - adding good bacteria to the skin. 4- Postbiotic - adding by-products of bacteria. Restoration of the Skin for a Healthy Microbiome
  • Generic cleansers use surfactants that remove the most important defensive components of the protective skin barrier. So, the key is to avoid harsh cleansers.
  • Eat a healthy diet, though the gut and skin microbiome are different in nature, they are still interconnected.
Skin Flora, commonly known as microbiota, refers to the microbiota that resides on the skin, typically human skin. Many of them are bacteria of which there are around a thousand species on the human skin. The skin microflora consists of microorganisms that are resident on our skin. Microbial flora is frequently and more appropriately called the skin microbiota or skin microbiome. Resident Microorganisms:
  • Staphylococcus
  • Micrococcus
  • Corynebacterium
  • Brevivacterium
  • Dermabacter
  • Malassezia
Probiotic, an extension of the skin microbiome that can restore the composition of the gut microbiome and facilitate beneficial functions to gut microbial communities, resulting in amelioration or prevention of gut inflammation and other intestinal or systemic phenotypes. Skin conditions like eczema can be related to a damaged gut. Inflammation in the gut caused by a poor diet or food allergies may cause an increased percentage of certain proteins in the body, which can, in turn, irritate the skin and cause various skin problems. The skin has its own unique ecosystem consisting of millions of bacteria, fungi, and viruses which make up the skin microbiota. We have long known about the health benefits of maintaining balance in the gut microbiome but when it comes to skincare, bacteria have generally been perceived as something we need to remove. This narrative is beginning to change in scientific circles. Today, the skin microbiome is increasingly thought to be the key to enhancing skin appearance - addressing the causes of skin conditions rather than just the symptoms. The human body is actually home to trillions of microbes - they live throughout the body and not just the skin. The skin microbiome is constantly changing depending on location, environment, age, gender, and cosmetics or other products used - in fact, an individual’s skin microbiome composition may be as unique as their DNA.